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Glossary of Terms

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Advisory Board:  An organization of key community volunteers who advise and assist The Salvation Army in all its activities. The Advisory Board is considered the parent body of all other advisory organizations of The Salvation Army.
Advisory Council:  Plans, advises and generally assists the officers and employees responsible for operation of a service program or institution.  The council looks to the advisory board for coordination of fund raising and community relations. The Advisory Board provides part of the membership of the council to ensure that the council will be well informed on other Salvation Army activities and will be able to integrate its service programs with others in the community.

ARC/Adult Rehabilitation Center:  Serves male alcoholics in its program of counseling, work therapy, recreational activities and spiritual counseling. The center is self: supporting and depends mainly on the sale of donated items from its thrift stores. ARCs receive no funding from the United Way.

Area Command:  A Salvation Army unit of operation usually in a metropolitan area that includes multiple Salvation Army programs and facilities. The work of the area command is administered by a Salvation Army officer, the Area Commander.

Assessment:  A process to establish a benchmark of realities for an organization so there is no false sense of security as it moves into a strategic planning process.


"Blood and Fire":  On The Salvation Army flag, stands for the blood of Jesus Christ and the fire of the Holy Spirit.

Booth, William and Catherine:  The founder of The Salvation Army and his wife. Booth was ordained in the Methodist Church. Consequently the Army's doctrines have their roots in Methodism.


Cadet: Students at The Salvation Army College for Officer Training

CFOT/College for Officer Training: A two: year residential college for the training of Salvation Army officers. Students participate in a curriculum of Bible study, Salvation Army procedures, accounting, counseling, development, public relations and weekly training at Salvation Army facilities. There are four colleges in the United States, one in each territory.



DC/Divisional Commander:  State or multiple: state commander of all Salvation Army work in a division.

DFB/Divisional Finance Board:  Governing body of Salvation Army officers that acts as an agent or representative of The Salvation Army, a Georgia Corporation, for the state or division of The Salvation Army.

DHQ/Divisional Headquarters:  A Salvation Army unit of operation that supports and supervises all Salvation Army programs throughout the division.

Direct income:  Donations received directly from the public that resulted from fund: raising efforts.

Direct mail:  Contributions received with a remit slip as a result of a mail appeal, usually produced by an outside vendor.

Direct service dollars: 83 cents out of every dollar raised by The Salvation Army goes directly to service. The remaining 17 cents goes to fund-raising and administrative costs.



Epaulet:  The shoulder piece of a Salvation Army uniform.  Colors and insignias mean the following:

Soldiers:  Blue epaulet.  A band member will be represented by a special insignia and certain lay positions in the corps also have special insignias.

            Officers:  Red epaulet

            No insignia:  Auxiliary Captain

            Two stars:  Captain

            Crest:  Major

            Crest with silver trim:  Lt. Colonel

            Crest with silver trim and silver trim around  "s" patches:  Colonel

            Maroon velvet epaulet with silver crest and trim:  Commissioner

            Maroon velvet epaulet with gold crest and trim:  General




Fiscal year:  The length of time with beginning and ending dates that makes one year for financial consideration.  The Salvation Army's fiscal year is from October 1: September 30.


GS/General Secretary:  Second in command of a division.  In the NSC Division, the GS is responsible for matters of advisory boards, officer personnel support, and all development programs.

Gifts-in-kind:  non-monetary donations to The Salvation Army.  Gifts: in: kind-include services (free printing, free advertising, transportation of donated items to disaster victims), volunteer hours, and items such as canned food, clothing, etc.

Goals:  Broad statements of aspirations for the organization toward which the enterprise is always headed as a final purpose.  Immeasurable, not time defined.



High Council:  An international group of Salvation Army officers composed of active Commissioners and Territorial Commanders with the rank of full Colonel who have held the rank for at least two years, who elect the General, or international leader, of The Salvation Army.

Home League:  A national women's organization calling for the promotion of home ideals through a fourfold program.


IHQ/International Headquarters:  Located in London, England, IHQ oversees the international work of the Army.




League of Mercy:  A group of dedicated volunteers, both men and women, who make periodic visits to hospitals, convalescent and nursing homes, correctional institutions, and shut: ins, distributing toiletries, magazines, Bibles, and friendly words and warm smiles.

Life Estate:  An agreement to donate a home to a charity while retaining the right to live in the home for life.

Life Income Agreements:  Agreements which provide income to a donor, offer favorable tax benefits, reduce capital gains and make a gift to charity at the end of the agreement term.

Long range planning:


Major Gifts:  $1,000 or larger donations from individuals, corporations, and foundations designated for funding of current programs.

Men's Fellowship Club:  A service club program within a Salvation Army corps providing fellowship and recreational activities for men


NHQ/National Headquarters:  A Salvation Army unit of operation in Alexandria, Virginia, which speaks on behalf of The Salvation Army in the United States on matters of national interest.


Outcome Based Measures:  The tool that seeks to measure the lasting impact of the service rather than the service given.


Partners:  A term for organizations, businesses or groups helping to build a caring community with The Salvation Army through gifts: in-kind or volunteer hours.

Planned Giving:  A department that encourages identified and unidentified supporters of The Salvation Army to participate philanthropically through legally arranged charitable gifts and bequests. These gifts do not accrue to The Salvation Army until after the donor's lifetime.

Promoted to glory:  A term used in conjunction with the death of a Salvation Army officer or Salvationist signifying they have reached the ultimate promotion.




           Soldier:  a member of the Salvationist church who has signed the doctrines
The Salvation Army.

            Corps Sergeant Major:  head lay position in a corps.

            Sergeant:  a non-officer Salvationist who commands a corps.

Auxiliary Captain:  promoted from Sergeant, the Aux. Captain has not graduated from the College for Officer Training.

Candidate:  a Salvationist who has applied for and is waiting to be accepted at the College for Officer Training.

Cadet:  a Salvationist undergoing the two-year intensive study program at the College for Officer Training.

Captain:  a graduate of the College for Officer Training.  A Captain is an ordained minister of The Salvation Army.

Major:  the last rank given specifically for length of service.  A major has served in The Salvation Army for 20 years or more.

Colonel:  promoted on merit.

Commissioner:  follows Colonel, and is given on merit.

General:  the international leader.  There is only one General in The Salvation Army and it is the only elected position.  The General is elected by the High Council and usually holds the term for three years.

Resource Development:  A divisional development program that raises current program funds through in-kind gifts and gifts of cash, stock, Real Estate and/or shares in a mutual fund.


Salvationist (soldier):  A converted person at least 14 years of age who has, with the approval the census board, been enrolled as a member of The Salvation Army after signing "Articles of War."

"Saved to Serve":  Salvationists uniforms have the letter s on each collar.  The letters stand for "Saved to Serve."

Service CenterA Salvation Army facility which allows for the social service functions of The Salvation Army in a town, but does not have a chapel.  Usually staffed by an employee.

Service Unit:  An all volunteer committee comprised of various community members, usually a sheriff, banker, etc. who provides basic Salvation Army services of assistance of food, utilities, and traveler's aid, but has no Salvation Army facility in their town. 

Service Unit Committee:  An Advisory Organization to assist The Salvation Army and to perform services in lieu of The Salvation Army in towns and communities where no Corps Community Center exists. The committee acts as an agent for The Salvation Army in raising funds, dispensing emergency and supplemental aid to individual families and referring to regional and state services.

Strategies:  Action steps aimed at the achievement of an Objective(s).

Strategic planning:  The process by which an organization envisions its future and develops the necessary procedures and operations to achieve that future.


THQ: Territorial Headquarters or Corporate headquarters for the Southern Territory is located in Atlanta, Georgia. 




Women's Auxiliary:  An advisory organization functioning as a fund: raising and volunteer service group.  An officer representative is an officio member of each women's auxiliary.

White mail:  Unsolicited financial contributions received through the mail by a local command i.e., a contribution with no direct response device included.

Will:  A document that provides for distribution of one's assets after death through designated bequests.

William Booth Society:  A recognition program open to individuals whose cumulative contributions to The Salvation Army per year meet or exceed $5,000.00.




Youth Councils:  A yearly divisional-wide gathering of Salvationists youth for the purpose of spiritual growth.



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